A list of when relatively simple shifts that had disproportionate effect on the world
- A cholera epidemic cure. Dr. Nalin helped to save estimated 40 millions of lives during and following a cholera epidemic in Bangladesh (1968) with a simple innovation: eight teaspoons of sugar, half a teaspoon of salt and one litre of water. hat tip: 80000hours.org
- Malaria bed-nets. They saved millions of lives. This come from a simple innovation insecticide + net. And then it doesn't matter even if the net has wholes in it. source Right now one nest distributed by Against Malaria Foundation saves on average one life per ~3.3k USD donated to the program.Matt Ridley
- Baggage with wheels. One pilot realized that it will be much easier if people would add wheels to baggage. This instantly changed the way people carry baggage.
- Three pointers basketball revolution. Shooting three pointers in basketball. Whole basketball changed during Steph Curry career. It is weird because it was known earlier that even though 3-pointer harder to score it has a high enough success rate that it will bring more points if the whole team prioritized it as a strategy
- Explaining crime. Kim Gordon explains that about 60% of imprisoned people has brain injury vs below 5% in general population from on After On PodcastAnaka Harris
Helio centrism. I am sure that figuring out heliocentrism wasn't simple but once Copernicus stumble upon this it made so much sense. Below is the the image of paths of the planets in the solar system before and after the this realization